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Carl Rogers (1902-1987) was a humanistic psychologist who agreed with the main assumptions of Abraham Maslow, but added that for an individual to “grow”, they need an environment that offers them with reliability (openness and self-disclosure), acceptance (being seen with unconditional favorable regard), and empathy (being listened to and understood).
This essay will define the core conditions necessary to facilitate personal growth within the person centred therapeutic relationship. I will go onto discuss the differences that occur when seeking a similar resolve using relationships outside of the therapeutic environment. Person Centred Counselling was developed by Carl Rogers (1902-1987).
Carl Rogers first used the term in a paper published in 1957 by the Journal of Consulting Psychology. He listed the six conditions as follows: Two persons are in psychological contact. The first, whom we shall term the client, is in a state of incongruence, being vulnerable or anxious.
Rogers concluded that the innermost core of human nature is essentially purposive, forward-moving, constructive, realistic, and quite trustworthy. He regarded the person as an active force of energy oriented towards future goals and self directed purposes, rather than a creature pushed and pulled by force beyond his or her control.
Egan believed that the core conditions of Empathy, Congruence and unconditional positive regard which Carl Rogers initially identified maybe necessary but are not sufficient. Within this essay I am going to demonstrate my knowledge of the core conditions and how these are used within Egan’s Three-Stage Counseling Model.
The humanistic school of psychology, as represented in the work of American psychologist, Carl Rogers, views mental health and personal growth as the natural conditions of human life (Personality, 2001). The two major theorists associated with the Humanistic perspective of personality development are Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow.
Lemuel exemplifies the “unconditional positive regard” of Carl Rogers who believed that individuals are motivated toward self-actualization and self-fulfillment and that the core of human nature consists of healthy and constructive impulses (C. Rogers, 1980). For Lemuel, the intrinsic factors of being a Scout.